Topic Reading-Vol.2586-5/11/2019

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Topic Reading-Vol.2586-5/11/2019

英語で世界を知ろう!Topic Reading

2019/05/11 Topic Reading-Vol.2586-5/11/2019

Dear MEL Topic Readers,

Xi Jinping is determined to end all poverty in China by 2020. Can he do it?

It was October seven decades ago when the Communist Party of China, CPC, established the People’s Republic of China after decades of civil war and Japan’s intrusion. The main force of the party was poor farmers in rural areas. While lasting peace and steady economic growth should have been the priorities, then party chairman and the absolute leader, Mao Zedong, lead a social and economic campaign called the Great Leap Forward from 1958 to rapidly transform the still war-torn country into a socialist society by drastic industrialization and collectivization, which resulted in drastic decline in food output and great famine instead. Then, another social and sociopolitical movement, called the Cultural Revolution was initiated by the same leader from 1966 until his death in 1976. Both of the politically-motivated initiatives brought nothing but economic devastation and deaths of millions of people. It had taken nearly three decades since its independence before the party finally initiated economic reform led by Deng Xiaoping at the end of 1978. Only in the first three decades, coastal regions, state-owned enterprises, and exporting industries grew rapidly and became the second largest economy in the world around 2008. And the last decade, astronomical numbers of private enterprises emerged, massive rural-to-urban migration occurred, and the world’s largest middle-class was formed. Now the party leader Xi Jinping wants the rest of the people in rural areas to get out of poverty and has initiated a strong campaign in both central and local party and government leaders.

Enjoy reading the article and learn about this new social and economic movement in modern China.

MEL School 三鷹
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