Topic Reading-Vol.2834-1/14/2020

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Topic Reading-Vol.2834-1/14/2020

英語で世界を知ろう!Topic Reading

2020/01/14 Topic Reading-Vol.2834-1/14/2020

Dear MEL Topic Readers,

In pictures: Iran’s sites of cultural importance

Iran, or Persia, is home to one of the world’s oldest civilizations. It started with the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE, later followed by the Achaemenid Empire, whose territory stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley in the sixth century BCE.

After Arab Muslims conquered the Sasanian Empire in the seventh century CE, Persia became a major Islamic power and contributed greatly to art, philosophy, and science in the Muslim world.

After the Islamic Revolution, which ousted the US-backed King Pahlavi and his administration, it became an Islamic republic in April 1979. Later in November, a group of Muslim students seized the United States Embassy and took the embassy with 52 personnel and citizens hostage for as long as 444 days, demanding the US to extradite Pahlavi to Iran. This hostage crisis and the supreme leader Khomeini’s anti-West cultural moves lead to economic sanction by the US and further deteriorate the ties between the two nations.

Now, the US attacked and assassinated Iran’s a heroic military commander in Iraq, Iran declared that it would no longer abide by any of the restrictions imposed by the 2015 nuclear deal and retaliate with “crushing revenge” for the killing of the commander. Then the US president Donald Trump threatened to respond to any Iranian retaliation by attacking Iranian cultural sites!

Look at the photos of just a few of Iran’s sites of cultural importance and think if the US president is about to follow the suit of the Taliban, which dynamited and destroyed the 1,500-year-old Buddhas of Bamyan in Afghanistan in 2001.

https://www.bbc.com/news/in-pictures-51007585

MEL School 三鷹
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住所 〒181-0013 東京都三鷹市下連雀3-33-13 三鷹第二ビル101
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