Topic Reading-Vol.2997-6/25/2020

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Topic Reading-Vol.2997-6/25/2020

英語で世界を知ろう!Topic Reading

2020/06/25 Topic Reading-Vol.2997-6/25/2020

Dear MEL Topic Readers,

Siberia’s prolonged unusually warm weather is an ‘alarming sign’: scientist

Most of the world’s coldest inhabited places are found in Siberia. The Siberian winter gets colder from west to east, where its climate is often affected by currents of Atlantic origin. The coldest city is Ojmjakon, where the average temperature in January goes down to -46 °C, colder than the North Pole. But in summer, its average temperature reaches 13 °C, quite a gap, isn’t it?

In May this year, surface temperatures in Siberia were 10 degrees Celsius higher than average, the hottest May for the last four decades. In fact, surface air temperatures throughout winter and spring were higher than average. Meteorologists warn that this drastic temperature rise is a clear sign of accelerating global warming.

For example, the permafrost, ground that continuously remains frozen for more than a year, is melting in many places in Siberian. In June, a substantial amount of fuel spilled into a river from a power station in the Siberian city of Norilsk. The energy company claims that the foundation of the storage tank seemed to have sunk due to melting permafrost.

And of course, such climate and geological changes affect the environment and ecosystem significantly.

Read the article and learn about a clear and present impact of global warming.

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